It only became known as Thebes during the reign of Amphion and Zethus, after the latter's wife Thebe. Strong's Concordance. The English poet Robert Graves, in his The Greek Myths, explained the origin of Lycaon's myth as follows: The dictionary of classical mythology, Pierre Grimal, p. 346-7, Last edited on 15 December 2020, at 00:01, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lycaon_of_Arcadia&oldid=994293546, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, founded Parrhasia and said to be the father of. Original Word: βασιλεύς, έως, ὁ. This is the explanation given for why no Theban leader is mentioned by Homer in the Iliad. Amphion and Zethus expanded the city (and renamed it Thebes) and built the seven gates of Thebes, naming them after Amphion's daughters (Thera, Cleodoxa, Astynome, Astycratia, Chias, Ogygia, Chloris). Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Theban_kings_in_Greek_mythology&oldid=987358571, Articles needing additional references from December 2009, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Death of Laius by the hands of his son Oedipus. King Greek 55 W 47th Street Suite 1150 New York, NY 10036 USA. Creon even gave his daughter Megara in marriage to Heracles. Polydorus succeeded his nephew but only reigned for a short while. king admetus in greek mythology Ancient Greece was a land of many city states where alliances would form, between whom war would often take place. Polynices and Eteocles made a pact that each should rule alternately for one year at a time. Amphion's wife was Niobe, daughter of Tantalus, and they had seven sons and seven daughters together. Kekrops was the first man to offer sacrifices to the goddess Athena after her birth from the head of Zeus and he established her ancient shrine on … Phonetic Spelling: (bas-il-yooce') Definition: a king. When Laius became king, he married Jocasta, daughter of Menoeceus, son of Pentheus. Greeks who have the means may be leaving in droves, but after 46 years in exile the former king, Constantine II, has moved back to his crisis-plagued homeland. The stories of Midas, part of the Dionysiac cycle of legends, were first elaborated in the burlesques of the Athenian satyr plays. There are several versions of the Lycaon myth already reported by Hesiod (Fragmenta astronomica, by Eratosthenes, Catasterismi), told by several authors. vasiliás rex. His son Tisamenus was too young at the time to lead the Theban contingent; but he later came of age while the war was still going on, and entered the war close to its conclusion. The different versions of the myth are as follows:[19]. Another war erupted, this time over a boundary dispute between Thebes and Athens; once again, Thebes was defeated after King Pandion I of Athens received aid from the Thracian king Tereus. Lycus again took control of Thebes, this time as a usurper, and denied Laius his birthright. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kings in Greek mythology: Subcategories. After the deaths of Polynices and Eteocles, Jocasta's brother Creon, who before had governed Thebes after the death of Laius and after the exile of Oedipus, became regent for Eteocles' son Laodamas. The Epigoni succeeded, and Thersander was installed as king of Thebes. basileus: a king. In Greek mythology, Lycaon (/laɪˈkeɪɒn/; Attic Greek: Λυκᾱ́ων, Attic Greek: [ly.kǎː.ɔːn]) was a king of Arcadia who, in the most popular version of the myth, tested Zeus' omniscience by serving him the roasted flesh of Lycaon's own son Nyctimus, in order to see whether Zeus was truly all-knowing. 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